This week, npr ed is focusing on questions about why people play and how play relates to learning when it comes to brain development, time in the classroom may be less important than time on the. Angela wanted to share about how outdoor play can help build social-emotional and cognitive skills in children your child's mind is rapidly developing every minute it is a complex interplay of emotions, interpretation of the senses and movement experiences, creating memories, planning, and learning about the world around them. Lack of play hurting child development, especially in poor countries five-year-old hennock loves to run and dreams of being a pilot and despite living in one of the poorest countries on earth. Risky outdoor play has been associated with promoting children's health and development, but also with injury and death risky outdoor play has diminished over time, concurrent with increasing concerns regarding child safety and emphasis on injury prevention. Child obesity rates have risen drastically over the past several decades in 2012, the child obesity rate was measured to be 18 percent, which is an 11 point difference from the obesity rate in 1980.
Have examined children's outdoor play, much of this work has focused on general characteristics such as traditional verses adventure playground design and effects on play behaviors and social interaction. Introduction the importance of play for children's healthy development is grounded in a strong body of research1, 2, 3 as a natural and compelling activity, play promotes cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being, offering the necessary conditions for children to thrive and learn. Introduction 3 1 why play is important 5 play and the brain play and child development the role of toys 2 varieties of play 9 3 talking, thinking, creating 11.
According to the child development institute, electronic media--including television, video games, movies, cell phones, and the internet--has a great effect on physical play children are spending more and more time engaged in passive play, using a keyboard or electronic device. In addition, outdoor play is important in early childhood because it helps in the physical development of the child as obesity is a common problem among children today (pillar, 2010) therefore, engaging in outdoor play helps in preventing childhood obesity. Playing outdoors is a form of exercise that promotes well-being and wholesome physical development children are naturally drawn to active play outdoors: it allows them to explore their environment, develop muscle strength and coordination, and gain self-confidence.
Play in outdoor environments stimulates all aspects of children development more readily than indoor environments (moore & wong 1997) an affinity to and love of nature, along with a positive environmental ethic, grow out of regular contact with and play in the natural world during early childhood. Abstract play is essential to the social, emotional, cognitive, and physical well-being of children beginning in early childhood it is a natural tool for children to develop resiliency as they learn to cooperate, overcome challenges, and negotiate with others.
Children will be smarter, better able to get along with others, healthier and happier when they have regular opportunities for free and unstructured play in the out-of-doors, concluded one. Swinging provides children with first-hand knowledge and experience of cause and effect and of understanding spatial learning, such as up and down and back and forth also, while swinging, children get a chance to see the world from a new perspective. Stages of play the playtime activities children engage in vary based on their maturation levels infants and very young toddlers start out by simply observing others' playtime activities and also engaging in play on their own. Science supports many of our intuitions about the benefits of play playful behavior appears to have positive effects on the brain and on a child's ability to learn.
4 outdoor play and brain development child's play is not just all fun and games rather the act of play is a crucial component in the growth and development of the brain, body and intellect. The earliest years2 the act of play by a child stimulates brain development and function3 and has a key role in building the foundation, organization, and capabilities of the brain 4 it is very important for children to have many regular opportunities for a variety of gross motor activities 5. For example, fjortoft (2001) examined the effect of different outdoor play settings on children's motor coordination in three kindergarten outdoor play settings in telemark, norway after controlling for socioeconomic status and parental education level, motor fitness tests showed that children who used a forest as a play setting performed.